SATs and GCSE indicators

The reports within Cognitive Abilities Test (CAT4), Progress Test in English (PTE) and Progress Test in Maths (PTM) will feature new indicators showing potential student attainment at the end of KS2 and GCSE. 

When will I be able to see these included in my reports?

These are available now for paper customers and will be ready soon for digital. Until then, we have produced a table that you can use to look up KS2 or GCSE results against the new indicators. Click here to download your table for KS2, or here for GCSE.

What are the performance indicators being replaced by?

Paper

For primary schools: Available now! These indicators, which are available for test levels 7-11 (Y2-Y6), are based on the SATs scaled scores and can predict a pupil's potential level of performance at the end of KS2

 

For secondary schools: Available now! These indicators show what a student could achieve in their English Language and maths GCSEs based on scores from levels 11T-14 (Y7-Y9).

Digital

For primary schools: These indicators, which will be available for test levels 7-11 (Y2-Y6), will be based upon the SATs scaled scores and will predict a pupil's potential level of performance at the end of KS2

 

For secondary schools: These indicators will show what a student could achieve in their English Language and maths GCSEs based on scores from levels 11T-14 (Y7-Y9).

 

What will the reports look like?

Download a Cluster sample report for SATs indicators for CAT4

Download a sample report for SATs indicators for PTE

Download a sample report for GCSE indicators for PTM

For paper users

To find out more, click on the links below. Digital users, please scroll down. 

Primary

What are KS2 indicators?

The KS2 indicators reflect the SAT scaled scores and range from 80 to 120. The benchmark is 100 and the higher level benchmark is 110.

They are based on the significant and positive correlation (a link supported by statistical data) between a student’s scores on attainment tests, such as the Progress Test Series, and his or her performance in national tests and examinations. The updated KS2 indicators in Progress Test in English and Maths provide a reliable indicator of future performance in the KS2 Statutory Assessment Tests (SATs) and this can form the basis of target setting, progress tracking and measuring value-added.

The KS2 indicators in the reports are derived from the statistical relationship between Progress Test Series scores and the end of KS2 SAT results. This analysis is based on Progress Test Series scores and subsequent SAT results from a large sample of schools and students, and the indicators will be updated regularly to reflect changes in national KS2 attainment.

What is a scaled score?

The outcome from SATs for English reading, spelling, punctuation and grammar, and maths is a scaled score which is based on a student’s raw score – the total number of marks a student scores in a test.

New SATs are developed each year to the same specification, but because the questions must be different, the difficulty of tests may vary slightly each year. This means that the raw scores must be converted into a scaled score, to ensure accurate comparisons can be made of student performance over time. Every scaled score will represent the same level of attainment for a student each year, so a student who scores 103 in 2016 will have demonstrated the same attainment as a student who scores 103 in 2017.

The score will always range from 80 to 120 and a scaled score of 100 will always represent the expected standard of the test. The scaled score is not adjusted according to the age of each student.

A student’s actual attainment in SAT will be affected by external factors, including effort and motivation, but because it has been established as a good predictor of subsequent attainment, PTE and PTM results indicate what can be achieved.

How were the KS2 Indicators built?

Our starting point for creating these indicators is the official SATs analysis (statistics) from the DfE. This information was released in December 2016. In order for us to provide you with accurate and reliable KS2 indicators we  correlated the SATs outcomes with matching data from our large cohort of pupils who have taken the new tests and who have also been administered PTE and PTM. 

We also ensured there is no geographic, gender or ethnicity bias in the data. This process takes time but it is essential to be thorough to ensure that the KS2 indicators we provide are reliable and robust.

This work is now complete and all PTE and PTM paper-based tests that are marked via our scoring service will include the KS2 indicators in the associated reports from February onwards.

Secondary

What are GCSE indicators?

There exists a significant and positive correlation (a link supported by statistical data) between a student’s scores on attainment tests, such as the Progress Test series, and their performance in national tests and examinations. The updated GCSE indicators in Progress Test in English and Maths provide a reliable indicator of future performance in GCSE English language and GCSE maths, and this can form the basis of target setting, progress tracking and measuring value-added.

The GCSE indicators in the reports are derived from the statistical relationship between Progress Test scores and GCSE results. This analysis is based on Progress Test Series scores and subsequent GCSE results from a large sample of schools and students, and the indicators will be updated regularly to reflect changes in national GCSE attainment.

A student’s actual attainment in GCSE will be affected by external factors, including effort and motivation, but because the test is established as a good predictor of subsequent attainment, Progress Test results indicate what can be achieved.

How were the GCSE Indicators built?

Our starting point for creating these indicators is the official GCSE analysis (statistics) from the DfE. This information was released in December 2016. In order for us to provide you with accurate and reliable GCSE indicators, we then verified the data across a large sample of pupils nationwide. We ensured there is no geographic, gender or ethnicity bias in the data. This process takes time but it is essential to be thorough to ensure that the GCSE indicators we provide are reliable and robust.

This work is now complete and all PTE and PTM paper-based tests that are marked via our scoring service will include the GCSE indicators in the associated reports.

For digital users

 

To find out more, click on the links below:

Primary

What are KS2 indicators?

The KS2 indicators will reflect the SAT scaled scores and range from 80 to 120. The benchmark is 100 and the higher level benchmark is 110.

They are based on the significant and positive correlation (a link supported by statistical data) between a student’s scores on attainment tests, such as the Progress Test Series, and his or her performance in national tests and examinations. The updated KS2 indicators in Progress Test in English and Maths provide a reliable indicator of future performance in the KS2 Statutory Assessment Tests (SATs) and this can form the basis of target setting, progress tracking and measuring value-added.

The KS2 indicators in the reports are derived from the statistical relationship between Progress Test Series scores and the end of KS2 SAT results. This analysis is based on Progress Test Series scores and subsequent SAT results from a large sample of schools and students, and the indicators will be updated regularly to reflect changes in national KS2 attainment.

What is a scaled score?

The outcome from SATs for English reading, spelling, punctuation and grammar, and maths is a scaled score which is based on a student’s raw score - the total number of marks a student scores in a test.

New SATs are developed each year to the same specification, but because the questions must be different, the difficulty of tests may vary slightly each year. This means that the raw scores must be converted into a scaled score, to ensure accurate comparisons can be made of student performance over time. Every scaled score will represent the same level of attainment for a student each year, so a student who scores 103 in 2016 will have demonstrated the same attainment as a student who scores 103 in 2017.

The score will always range from 80 to 120 and a scaled score of 100 will always represent the expected standard of the test. The scaled score is not adjusted according to the age of each student.

A student’s actual attainment in SAT will be affected by external factors, including effort and motivation, but because it has been established as a good predictor of subsequent attainment, PTE and PTM results indicate what can be achieved.

Why are the KS2 Indicators not available in my reports yet?

Our starting point for creating these indicators is the official SATs analysis (statistics) from the DfE. This information was released in December 2016. In order for us to provide you with accurate and reliable KS2 indicators we need to correlate the SATs outcomes with matching data from our large cohort of pupils who have taken the new tests and who have also been administered PTE and PTM.  We also need to ensure there is no geographic, gender or ethnicity bias in the data. This process takes time but it is essential to be thorough to ensure that the KS2 indicators we provide are reliable and robust.

Once the data is ready we will then update our reporting engine in order to give you instant access to the indicators in every report you run through Testwise.

We expect the indicators to be available before the start of the summer term.

What can I use now?

As an interim measure we have produced a conversion chart (click here) which can help you correlate each pupil’s PTE/PTM Standard Age Score against the equivalent SAT scaled score. This data is based on a smaller sample than the finished reports will be, but is a good early identifier of how current attainment compares to the SAT scaled scores.

Secondary

What are GCSE indicators?

There exists a significant and positive correlation (a link supported by statistical data) between a student’s scores on attainment tests, such as the Progress Test series, and their performance in national tests and examinations. The updated GCSE indicators in Progress Test English and Maths provide a reliable indicator of future performance in GCSE English language and GCSE maths, and this can form the basis of target setting, progress tracking and measuring value-added.

The GCSE indicators in the reports are derived from the statistical relationship between Progress Test scores and GCSE results. This analysis is based on Progress Test scores and subsequent GCSE results from a large sample of schools and students, and the indicators will be updated regularly to reflect changes in national GCSE attainment.

How are the GCSE Indicators derived?

Our starting point for creating these indicators is the official GCSE analysis (statistics) from the DfE. This information was released in December 2016. In order for us to provide you with accurate and reliable GCSE indicators we then need to verify the data across a large sample of pupils nationwide. We also need to ensure there is no geographic, gender or ethnicity bias in the data. This process takes time but it is essential to be thorough to ensure that the GCSE indicators we provide are reliable and robust.

Once the data is ready we will then update our  reporting engine in order to give you instant access to the indicators in every report you run through Testwise.

We expect the indicators to be available before the start of the summer term.

What can I use now?

As an interim measure we have produced a conversion chart  (click here) which can help you correlate each pupil’s PTE/PTM Standard Age Score against the equivalent GCSE Indicator. This data is based on a smaller sample than the finished reports will be, but is a good early identifier of how current attainment compares to GCSE grades.